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山西省DB14/T 2342-2021《旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术规程》解读

2023-01-10 12:00:00 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:26188 评论

导读:该标准规定了旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术的术语和定义、播前准备、播种、田间管理、病虫害防治、收获和建立生产档案等。适用于旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术生产。

  【农机网 政策与标准】山西省DB14/T 2342-2021《旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术规程》该地方标准于2021年11月22日由山西省市场监督管理局批准发布,自2022年1月22日起实施。
 
  该标准由山西省农业农村厅提出并监督实施,由山西省农业标准化技术委员会归口,由山西农业大学(山西省农业科学院)高寒区作物研究所,山西农业大学资源环境学院(农业环境与资源研究所),山西省农产品质量安全检验监测中心起草。
 

  该标准规定了旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术的术语和定义、播前准备、播种、田间管理、病虫害防治、收获和建立生产档案等。适用于旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术生产。
 
  收获——
 
  杀秧:收获前7 d采用杀秧机杀秧。
 
  收获:采用抖动升运链式收获机收获,避免机械损伤。
 
  建立生产档案:主要记载采用品种、肥料、农药等以及旱地马铃薯农机农艺配套栽培技术规程中各环节采取的具体措施。
 
  病虫害防治——防治原则:贯彻“预防为主,综合防治”的植保方针,坚持以“农业防治、物理防治、生物防治为主,化学防治为辅”的无害化治理原则。
 
  农业防治:
 
  选用抗病品种;轮作换茬,避免与茄科作物连作;增施有机肥,生长期加强肥水管理;及时拔除病株,清除田间杂草;作好田间清沟排渍降低田间湿度。
 
  物理防治:采用防虫网、银灰膜等防避害虫;人工捕捉害虫;性诱剂诱捕器每亩设置1个;灯光诱杀,1盏/15 000m2;黄板诱杀,30片/667 m2以上。
 
  生物防治:
 
  释放蚜虫天敌瓢虫、食蚜蝇、寄生蜂等。0.38 %苦参碱乳油 133 g/667 m2 防治蚜虫,沟施金龟子绿僵菌 421 颗粒剂 6 kg/667 m2 防治金针虫、地老虎、蛴螬地下害虫。
 
  防控晚疫病,用 5%香芹酚水剂 100 g/667 m2 拌种;发病初期,用 1 000 亿芽孢/克枯草芽孢杆菌可湿性粉剂 10 g~14 g/667 m2 或 0.5%苦参碱水剂 75~90 g 或 0.3%丁子香酚可溶液剂 80~120 ml 喷雾。
 
  化学防治:选用药剂符合GB/T 8321.10的规定。推荐药剂使用方法见附录。
 
  附录A
 
  (资料性)
 
  主要病虫草害化学防治推荐药剂
 
  表 A.1 主要病虫草害化学防治推荐药剂
 
 

 

  点击下方下载完整标准文件。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
 
相关资料下载:

DB14T2342-2021FDIS.pdf

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