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石家庄市:DB1301/T 512-2024《谷子旋耕覆膜播种一体化技术规程》

2024-05-28 13:19:02 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:19707 评论

导读:该地方标准适用于石家庄地区或同类技术谷子覆膜播种生产的技术指导及培训。

  【农机网 政策与标准】2024年3月19日,石家庄市市场监督管理局批准发布DB1301/T 512-2024《谷子旋耕覆膜播种一体化技术规程》,该地方标准由,石家庄市农业农村局提出,由河北启寰农业发展有限公司、河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司、石家庄市鹿泉区吉武农产品专业合作社、石家庄市鹿泉区翠魏山家庭农场起草,自2024年4月18日开始实施。
 

 (图片来源:千图网)

  该标准确立了谷子旋耕覆膜播种一体化生产技术程序,规定了环境要求、作业前准备、作业程序、维护与保养等步骤的操作要求,描述了各环节的生产记录。适用于石家庄地区或同类技术谷子覆膜播种生产的技术指导及培训。
 
  【作业程序】
 
  作业时间:播种时间根据天气条件和品种生育期合理安排。一般4月下旬土壤耕层5 cm处日均地温稳定在10 ℃以上,土壤墒情合适时可以播种。春播不晚于5月30日,夏播不晚于7月15日。
 
  作业过程:采用旋耕覆膜播种一体机进行平作种植,一次性完成旋耕、施肥、覆膜、穴播、覆土、镇压等工作作业速度2 km/h~4 km/h,采用鸭嘴式排种器穴播,匀速播种。
 
  【作业质量要求】
 
  旋耕效果:机具作业旋耕深度10 cm~15 cm,耕层上虚下实,土壤细碎,地表平整。作业质量符合NY/T 499的规定。
 
  覆膜效果:膜两边各压土宽10 cm左右,拉紧压实。铺膜作业质量应符合NY/T 986的规定。
 
  7.3.3 播种效果一膜2行,行距35 cm~50 cm,播种深度3 cm~5 cm,每亩9 000穴~13 000穴,穴距10 cm~16 cm,每穴3粒~5粒。
 
  【安全注意事项】
 
  作业时应严格按照《产品使用说明书》要求操作,注意安全标识警示内容。
 
  作业时,应先将机具放置地面,然后再连接动力后输出。
 
  工作部件应使用标准零部件,不应擅自改装,如有磨损及时更换,以保证工作可靠。
 
  运输和作业时,机具上禁止堆放重物或站人。
 
  检查机具和排除故障时应停车熄火。
 
  机具在掉头和地块转移时,需切断动力后输出,且工作时严禁倒退。
 
  机器作业时,周围 5 m 内不可有无关人员。
 
  机具驻车停止工作后,应将机具放到地面,不得悬空停放。
 
  【维护与保养】
 
  变速箱保养:机器工作满500 h后,应清洗变速箱,更换齿轮油。
 
  排肥电机及其控制系统保养:作业完毕后对每个排肥盒进行残留肥料的逐个清理,保证排肥盒的清洁。
 
  整机检查:机器作业7 h~8 h后,要将箱体、传动带等关键部位的螺栓检查一遍,防止松动。
 
  保管:检查机具漆面,有落漆处及时涂漆防锈;检查安全标识,脱落及时补齐;维护保养完毕后,存入干燥通风的机库。
 
  作业记录:详细记录播种、施肥、生产技术、生产资料使用、等各环节所采取的具体措施,并保存2年以上。
 
  点击下载资料,查看完整标准文件。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
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