今日要闻

徐州市:DB3203/T 1053—2024《洋葱机械化播种育苗技术规程》解读

2024-05-24 14:25:49 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:22686 评论

导读:规定了场地环境、场地选择及设施设备、种子选择、种子处理、播种、苗期管理、病虫害防治、成品苗标准、包装与标识等阶段的操作指示。

  【农机网 政策与标准】2024年4月19日,徐州市市场监督管理局批准发布DB3203/T 1053—2024《洋葱机械化播种育苗技术规程》,由徐州市农业农村局提出并归口,由丰县凤侠果蔬种植家庭农场、丰县蔬菜研究所、丰县综合检验检测中心、丰县市场监督管理局、丰县凤城街道农业综合服务中心、丰县常店镇农业综合服务中心、丰县孙楼街道农业综合服务中心起草。该标准自2024年5月1日开始实施。
 
(图片来源:千图网)
 
  该标准确立了洋葱机械化播种育苗程序,规定了场地环境、场地选择及设施设备、种子选择、种子处理、播种、苗期管理、病虫害防治、成品苗标准、包装与标识等阶段的操作指示,描述了育苗记录。适用于洋葱机械化播种露地育苗的栽培与管理。
 
  【设施设备】
 
  播种设备:根据育苗规模要求,选用适宜类型的播种机
 
  灌溉设施:灌溉主要以喷灌为主。宜选择水肥一体化的喷灌系统或孔喷塑料水带。
 
  种子选择:
 
  应选择通过国家或省级认定和当地推广部门推广品种及当年新种子。种子质量应符合 GB/Z 26589—2011中5.2.1的要求,种子纯度应不小于95%,净度应不小于98%,发芽率应不小于94%,水分应不大于10%。
 
  【播种】
 
  播种时间:宜在 9 月 5 日~9 月 20 日。早熟品种播种较晚熟品种应提前 10 d 左右。
 
  【施肥、消杀与作畦】
 
  施肥:耕翻前,施用充分腐熟的有机肥 2000kg/667m2,生物菌肥 25kg/667m2,复合肥(N∶P2O5∶K2O=15∶15∶15)20 kg/667 m2,磷酸二铵 30 kg/667 m2。肥料使用应符合 NY/T 394 的规定。
 
  消杀:结合施肥每 667 m2苗畦用 50%多菌灵可湿性粉剂 1 kg、50%辛硫磷乳油 800 ml~1 000 ml、拌细土20 kg~30 kg 拌匀撒施。
 
  作畦:起垄作阳畦,畦面宽 1.2 m~1.5 m,畦沟宽 30 cm、深 20 cm,畦面耙细、整平、压实。
 
  种子处理:播种前晒种 8 h~10 h,不应在水泥地面直接暴晒。
 
  播种方法:采用机械化播种,每 667m2大田用苗畦 30m2~35m2,用种 100g(约 25000 粒)。播种深度 1cm~1.5 cm。
 
  【苗期管理】
 
  水分管理:出苗前,保持畦面湿润;出苗后至2片叶,保持畦面见干见湿和干湿交替;2 片叶后,适当控制水分;起苗前3 d停止浇水。
 
  肥料管理:以速效 N 肥(尿素)为主,每次 10kg/667m2,不超过 2 次。定植前 10d~15d,叶面喷洒 0.2%~0.4%磷酸二氢钾溶液。
 
  【病虫草害防治】
 
  防治原则:坚持“预防为主,综合防治”的植保方针,以农业和物理防治为基础,优先采用生物防治技术,辅之化学防治应急控害措施。
 
  主要防治对象:洋葱育苗阶段的主要病害有猝倒病、黄矮病、灰霉病等,主要虫害有葱蓟马、烟粉虱、蚜虫、甜菜夜蛾及蝼蛄、蛴螬、地老虎等地下害虫,杂草以双子叶杂草为主。
 
  点击下载资料,查看完整标准文件。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
我要评论
文明上网,理性发言。(您还可以输入200个字符)

所有评论仅代表网友意见,与本站立场无关。

产品推荐 更多

[{"ID":"2938995","Picture":"5646a23e59c23271cc75ac1bdf586b523e82a1ad8b83119bd22cdb6d3d5cc87ef44927862d12d86c.jpg","PictureDomain":"img77","Name":"供应高智能农业土壤肥料养分分析系统厂家","Type":"LD-GT80","Descrip":"山东莱恩德智能科技有限公司LD-GT60高智能农业土壤肥料养分分析系统集药、器、仪为一体,携带方便,相当于一个小型移动实验室,亦可野外流动测试。适于农业服务部门或农资经销商、合作社、肥料厂商、大种植户测土施肥。","CompanyName":"山东莱恩德智能科技有限公司","CompanyID":"129112","MarketPrice":"0","PsOrder":"0","PgID":"110","MaxOrder":"0","CityID":"153","City":"潍坊市","Address":"潍坊市","PropertysValue":"","HitNumber":"49","FrontShow":"0","IsCharges":"1","Year":"1","StarNum":"1","UpdateAndClientSort":"51281861","StandUrl":"/st129112","UpdateTime":"2024/6/13 15:01:01","TodayIsUpdate":"0","AttType":"0","AttState":"3","AttAddType":"3","IsSeoCreate":"0","IsOnlinePay":"0","MinPrice":"0.00","MaxPrice":"0.00","ClassID":"21002","productonlinetime":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","OnLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","DownLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","BrandPicDomin":"","BrandPicName":"","BrandProperty":"","PBrandID":"0","IsHadVideo":"0","VideoTime":"0","ShowPrice":"0.00","IndustrySort":"1020000","HasPicSort":"102938995","UserID":"142101","PriceType":"0","PictureID":"1675035","CompanyTypeID":"5","Tag":"","LinkMan":"张奉猛","TelPhone":"4008880650","ClassName":"其他","ComProduct":"食品安全检测仪,农药残留检测仪,土壤检测仪,植物生理检测仪器,环保检测仪器","BrandNameCH":"","IsShow":"1","MarketPrice2":"0","RetailPrice":"0","ComHitnumber":"22633","MarketUpdateTime":"","CreateTime":"2024/3/22 12:55:59","Flag":"1","PackageName":"营销宝会员","ClientSort":"0","CsName":"","Reprint":"2","FeedBackMsg":"","EnUrl":"","MobilePhone":"13375366215"},{"ID":"2751588","Picture":"5eceadd4559dcfd20b00d43427242c818f1ef2b7dc832c1da3e16bd2fd62109b12d5cd8f5dfe62f2.jpg","PictureDomain":"img62","Name":"耐高温帆布软连接厂家","Type":"齐全","Descrip":"风道防火环保风机风管 管道通风伸缩管外层结构由两层耐高温PET组成,其中一层高压静电电镀铝粉,中间夹有玻璃纤维丝复合而成,内裹耐高温耐燃玻璃纤维棉。内管由一层经高压静电电镀铝粉的耐高温PET和经高张力螺旋碳钢钢丝支撑。适用于高、中、低压冷暖风空调通风系统。","CompanyName":"德州鑫姆迪克机床附件有限公司","CompanyID":"129078","MarketPrice":"0","PsOrder":"0","PgID":"110","MaxOrder":"0","CityID":"160","City":"德州市","Address":"德州市","PropertysValue":"","HitNumber":"96","FrontShow":"0","IsCharges":"1","Year":"1","StarNum":"1","UpdateAndClientSort":"51281861","StandUrl":"/st129078","UpdateTime":"2024/6/13 15:01:19","TodayIsUpdate":"0","AttType":"0","AttState":"3","AttAddType":"0","IsSeoCreate":"0","IsOnlinePay":"0","MinPrice":"0.00","MaxPrice":"0.00","ClassID":"21002","productonlinetime":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","OnLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","DownLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","BrandPicDomin":"","BrandPicName":"","BrandProperty":"","PBrandID":"0","IsHadVideo":"0","VideoTime":"0","ShowPrice":"0.00","IndustrySort":"1020000","HasPicSort":"102751588","UserID":"142067","PriceType":"0","PictureID":"1680122","CompanyTypeID":"5","Tag":"","LinkMan":"王月霞","TelPhone":"0534-3869686","ClassName":"其他","ComProduct":"机床防护罩 机床排屑机 机床拖链","BrandNameCH":"","IsShow":"1","MarketPrice2":"0","RetailPrice":"0","ComHitnumber":"22814","MarketUpdateTime":"","CreateTime":"2023/5/25 6:54:39","Flag":"1","PackageName":"营销宝会员","ClientSort":"0","CsName":"","Reprint":"2","FeedBackMsg":"","EnUrl":"","MobilePhone":"13675346332,15206925825"},{"ID":"2903503","Picture":"mt0002/463345e347026bed45add18ed1a046f90f16027dbecb99b372864ee62060b994beb1708e6937a5a9.png","PictureDomain":"img65","Name":"单螺杆泵报价","Type":"G25-1","Descrip":"卧式不锈钢单螺杆泵不锈钢单螺杆泵工作时,液体被吸入后就进入螺纹与泵壳所围的密封空间,当主动螺杆旋转时,螺杆泵密封容积在螺牙的挤压下提高螺杆泵压力,并沿轴向移动。由于螺杆是等速旋转,所以液体出流流量也是均匀的。","CompanyName":"浙江凯巨泵阀有限公司","CompanyID":"133783","MarketPrice":"0","PsOrder":"0","PgID":"110","MaxOrder":"0","CityID":"101","City":"温州市","Address":"温州市","PropertysValue":"","HitNumber":"87","FrontShow":"0","IsCharges":"1","Year":"1","StarNum":"1","UpdateAndClientSort":"51281858","StandUrl":"/st133783","UpdateTime":"2024/6/13 14:58:32","TodayIsUpdate":"0","AttType":"0","AttState":"3","AttAddType":"3","IsSeoCreate":"0","IsOnlinePay":"0","MinPrice":"0.00","MaxPrice":"0.00","ClassID":"21002","productonlinetime":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","OnLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","DownLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","BrandPicDomin":"","BrandPicName":"","BrandProperty":"","PBrandID":"0","IsHadVideo":"0","VideoTime":"0","ShowPrice":"0.00","IndustrySort":"1020000","HasPicSort":"102903503","UserID":"146773","PriceType":"0","PictureID":"1802386","CompanyTypeID":"5","Tag":"","LinkMan":"叶勇","TelPhone":"","ClassName":"其他","ComProduct":"泵,阀门,机械设备,水泵控制柜制造","BrandNameCH":"","IsShow":"1","MarketPrice2":"0","RetailPrice":"0","ComHitnumber":"6545","MarketUpdateTime":"","CreateTime":"2024/1/30 17:56:15","Flag":"1","PackageName":"营销宝会员","ClientSort":"0","CsName":"","Reprint":"2","FeedBackMsg":"","EnUrl":"","MobilePhone":"13587722741"},{"ID":"3008759","Picture":"mt0003/f34697d735b517a6c3311cb0dcb571fc1eccffb5c455fcfa47e3e0da0f626f2f6c57c8165d1f5174.jpg","PictureDomain":"img47","Name":"自吸式臭氧检测仪厂家","Type":"","Descrip":"臭氧检测仪用于便携式快速检测臭氧气体浓度、温湿度测量并超标报警的场合。复合式四合一气体检测仪采用2.31寸高清彩屏实时显示浓度,选用的气体传感器,主要检测原理有:电化学、红外、催化燃烧、热导、PID光离子。先进的电路设计、成熟的内核算法处理。国产臭氧检测仪哪个品牌好用","CompanyName":"深圳市逸云天电子有限公司","CompanyID":"132314","MarketPrice":"0","PsOrder":"0","PgID":"110","MaxOrder":"0","CityID":"214","City":"深圳市","Address":"深圳市","PropertysValue":"","HitNumber":"57","FrontShow":"0","IsCharges":"1","Year":"1","StarNum":"1","UpdateAndClientSort":"51281858","StandUrl":"/st132314","UpdateTime":"2024/6/13 14:58:37","TodayIsUpdate":"0","AttType":"0","AttState":"3","AttAddType":"3","IsSeoCreate":"0","IsOnlinePay":"0","MinPrice":"0.00","MaxPrice":"0.00","ClassID":"21002","productonlinetime":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","OnLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","DownLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","BrandPicDomin":"","BrandPicName":"","BrandProperty":"","PBrandID":"0","IsHadVideo":"0","VideoTime":"0","ShowPrice":"0.00","IndustrySort":"1020000","HasPicSort":"103008759","UserID":"145303","PriceType":"0","PictureID":"1781957","CompanyTypeID":"5","Tag":"","LinkMan":"张小姐","TelPhone":"86-0755-26991270","ClassName":"其他","ComProduct":"可燃气体报警器,可燃气体探测器,有毒气体报警器","BrandNameCH":"","IsShow":"1","MarketPrice2":"0","RetailPrice":"0","ComHitnumber":"8690","MarketUpdateTime":"","CreateTime":"2024/5/4 3:35:05","Flag":"1","PackageName":"营销宝会员","ClientSort":"0","CsName":"","Reprint":"2","FeedBackMsg":"","EnUrl":"","MobilePhone":"13925220380"},{"ID":"3033611","Picture":"15503715273aa74df85009bd54d597a59fff2baf2f6a62aa66aea878b4d3556c37b02deac43c83db.jpg","PictureDomain":"img71","Name":"铸铁潜水搅拌机报价","Type":"","Descrip":"立式污水搅拌机 潜水搅拌机应用于环保、化工、能源、轻工等行业需要对液体进行双相固液或三相固液气搅拌混合的场合,尤其适用于污水处理工艺中的混凝池、调节池、厌氧池、硝化池和反硝化池。","CompanyName":"南京博源水处理设备有限公司","CompanyID":"129084","MarketPrice":"0","PsOrder":"0","PgID":"110","MaxOrder":"0","CityID":"86","City":"南京市","Address":"南京市","PropertysValue":"","HitNumber":"61","FrontShow":"0","IsCharges":"1","Year":"1","StarNum":"1","UpdateAndClientSort":"51281857","StandUrl":"/st129084","UpdateTime":"2024/6/13 14:57:20","TodayIsUpdate":"0","AttType":"0","AttState":"3","AttAddType":"0","IsSeoCreate":"0","IsOnlinePay":"0","MinPrice":"0.00","MaxPrice":"0.00","ClassID":"21002","productonlinetime":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","OnLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","DownLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","BrandPicDomin":"","BrandPicName":"","BrandProperty":"","PBrandID":"0","IsHadVideo":"0","VideoTime":"0","ShowPrice":"0.00","IndustrySort":"1020000","HasPicSort":"103033611","UserID":"142073","PriceType":"0","PictureID":"1673013","CompanyTypeID":"5","Tag":"","LinkMan":"刘厚祥","TelPhone":"025-66066830","ClassName":"其他","ComProduct":"潜水搅拌机,潜水推流器,潜水曝气机,机械格栅,潜水排污泵,螺旋输送机,砂水分离器","BrandNameCH":"","IsShow":"1","MarketPrice2":"0","RetailPrice":"0","ComHitnumber":"22638","MarketUpdateTime":"","CreateTime":"2024/5/18 16:16:16","Flag":"1","PackageName":"营销宝会员","ClientSort":"0","CsName":"","Reprint":"2","FeedBackMsg":"","EnUrl":"","MobilePhone":"13770771253"},{"ID":"3060754","Picture":"mt0001/0497b4e3566c1420399653569965e5ddcd8b741a6f50913f6e80b70b230770f7f50d1f679366b2f8.png","PictureDomain":"img62","Name":"快速水分测定仪","Type":"TXM-WB","Descrip":"钢铁行业:烧结混合料,矿渣、焦炭,煤炭,球团矿煤炭行业:煤块,泥煤,煤粉,精煤烟草行业:烟包,烟叶,烟丝,烟梗等。纸张行业:整车废纸,整车木片/竹片,整包废纸微波水分测量,纸浆板纤维行业:密度板木屑,木片在线微波水分测定仪煤炭矿生物质发电行业:整车木屑,树皮水分,输送带上煤炭水分检测食品行业:面粉、粮食、酒糟、食品加工砂石、锌矿、铜矿、镍矿、铝土矿、硅藻土、膨润土、肥料、陶瓷粉等","CompanyName":"上海拓西电子科技有限公司","CompanyID":"138688","MarketPrice":"0","PsOrder":"0","PgID":"110","MaxOrder":"0","CityID":"3","City":"上海市","Address":"上海市","PropertysValue":"","HitNumber":"32","FrontShow":"0","IsCharges":"1","Year":"1","StarNum":"1","UpdateAndClientSort":"51281856","StandUrl":"/st138688","UpdateTime":"2024/6/13 14:56:20","TodayIsUpdate":"0","AttType":"0","AttState":"3","AttAddType":"3","IsSeoCreate":"0","IsOnlinePay":"0","MinPrice":"0.00","MaxPrice":"0.00","ClassID":"21002","productonlinetime":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","OnLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","DownLineDate":"1900/1/1 0:00:00","BrandPicDomin":"","BrandPicName":"","BrandProperty":"","PBrandID":"0","IsHadVideo":"0","VideoTime":"0","ShowPrice":"0.00","IndustrySort":"1020000","HasPicSort":"103060754","UserID":"151678","PriceType":"0","PictureID":"1887166","CompanyTypeID":"5","Tag":"","LinkMan":"徐先生","TelPhone":"86-021-51872209","ClassName":"其他","ComProduct":"电子天平、水分检测仪、培养箱、移液器","BrandNameCH":"","IsShow":"2","MarketPrice2":"0","RetailPrice":"0","ComHitnumber":"0","MarketUpdateTime":"","CreateTime":"2024/6/13 14:56:20","Flag":"1","PackageName":"营销宝会员","ClientSort":"0","CsName":"","Reprint":"2","FeedBackMsg":"","EnUrl":"","MobilePhone":"18019188260"}]