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极飞农业无人飞机获英国民航局运营许可

2023-01-17 09:34:18 来源:极飞科技 阅读量:13153 评论

导读:这也是英国 CAA 首次把运营许可授予全自主飞行、用于喷洒及播撒作业的农业无人飞机。

  【农机网 明星企业】近日,极飞 V40、P40、XP 2020 农业无人飞机获得英国民用航空管理局(Civil Aviation Authority,简称 CAA)的运营许可,成为首批在英合规开展农事作业的农业无人飞机,这也是英国 CAA 首次把运营许可授予全自主飞行、用于喷洒及播撒作业的农业无人飞机。
 
  近年来,无人飞机技术得到不断创新和发展,被广泛应用于多个行业,对于推动农业精准化、数字化转型更是发挥了重要作用。但在英国,使用农业无人飞机进行农事作业,一直面临着较大的法规压力。《英国空域无人飞行系统作业政策与指南》中规定,无人飞机的最大起飞重量不能高于 25 公斤,且不允许使用无人飞机从空中投放任何物质(含液体或固体颗粒)。所以,虽然当地农民对智能农机的需求日益增长,但始终未能很好满足。
 
  由于担心药害的发生,欧洲大部分国家对空中施药较为谨慎,仅在严格的限制条件下予以例外
 
  在科学和创新推动经济快速发展的今天,英国也重新审视了无人飞机技术给当地市场带来的积极影响。在 2022 年 7 月,英国交通部和商业、能源和工业战略部共同发布了《无人飞机行业目标报告》,表示将投资营造无人飞机技术发展的良好环境,释放其经济增长潜力,其中农业生产管理应用是重点研究的领域之一。在这样利好的发展政策下,也促使了 CAA 逐步放宽对商业无人飞机的应用限制,为农业无人飞机在英国农田的落地创造了条件。
 
  在报告中,极飞农业无人飞机凭借多个农业高效实践场景登上封面,为英国可持续农业展示了更多可能性
 
  除此之外,英国对发展精准农业、绿色低碳农业的重视,也让农业无人飞机的普及迎来了新的机遇。在英国,农业用地占据了全国国土总面积的 71%,但仅约 1/4 用于耕种,英国农民需要最大限度提高农田生产效率,并减少资源投入,来满足日益增长的粮食消费需求,保护自身生活环境免受污染。
 
  为了更好实现这一目标,英国政府在 2022 年推出了《可持续农业激励政策文件》,通过报酬激励的方式,让农民在农业生产中注重改善土壤健康,降低农药化肥使用等,帮助他们以低碳环保的方式管理农田,提升粮食产量。极飞农业无人飞机的出现,将成为这些农民实现可持续发展的得力装备。
 
  极飞农业无人飞机采用电力驱动,与消耗柴油的传统大型器械相比,使用成本更低,还能大大减少温室气体的排放;智能高效的极飞睿喷和睿播系统,通过精准喷洒、高效播撒,有效实现农药化肥减量减施;全自主空中飞行作业的特性,可以保护土壤和生长期的作物免受不必要的碾压,降低生产损失,也让传统农事从业者免受农药危害,保障职业健康安全。
 
  在农村人口老龄化加剧、极端天气频发、生产成本大增的趋势下,英国农业正在寻找更高效且低成本的生产方式。此次通过 CAA 运营许可的审批,不仅表示极飞农业无人飞机在安全性、可靠性及技术精度上再次获得国际肯定,其作业高效、环境友好等特点更能帮助当地农业有效提升生产效率,降低生产成本,实现净零排放的目标。
 
  随着极飞农业无人飞机在英国的落地普及,相信将带动更多欧洲国家使用这一全新技术方案,让更多农民都能享受智慧农业科技带来的便利,实现粮食丰产、效益增长、生态优良的可持续发展。
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