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玉门加快土地流转促进机采棉提质增效

2022-11-24 09:01:15 来源:甘肃省玉门市农业农村局 温海涛 酒泉市农机服务中心 阅读量:9791 评论

导读:走进玉门市花海镇和柳湖镇万亩机采棉种植示范基地,沟渠、田块平整划一,呈现田成方、路成网、渠相连的景象。

  【农机网 地方农机】近年来,随着机采棉产业逐步发展壮大,甘肃省玉门市把土地流转作为建设农业科技示范园区、机采棉产业提质增效的重要载体,通过科学规划,积极引导,内引外联,搭建平台,政策扶持,优化服务等措施,加快农村土地承包经营权流转,推动机采棉种植园区建设,经过采取“公司+合作社+基地+农户”发展模式,引进合作社和企业,建立形成农户土地流转入股分红机制,助力农业农村经济高质量发展,凸显出了极大的辐射效应。走进玉门市花海镇和柳湖镇万亩机采棉种植示范基地,沟渠、田块平整划一,呈现田成方、路成网、渠相连的景象。
 
  一是突出科学规划,加快产业发展。玉门市秉持“突出特色、整合资源、优化结构”原则,紧紧围绕“粮棉”建设工程,进一步优化区域规划布局,努力打造优势农业产业带,坚持以棉花种植加工为发力点,大力推动机采棉产业发展,促进农民收入持续快速增加。花海镇通过外出多次考察论证,引进甘肃久众农业发展有限公司,规划建设甘肃久众农业产业化机采棉科技示范园,产业园集棉花生产、收购、加工、销售和办公展示于一体,以全市土地流转的带动基地、高效农业的示范基地、现代农业的推广基地、特色农业的辐射基地为目标,为现代农业的发展注入新的活力。柳湖镇把农业节水作为方向性、战略性大事来抓,针对农业灌溉用水紧张的实际,坚持以水定田,先行先试,大力推进高效节水农业。引进新疆新天地节水公司,与岷州村股份经济合作社合作,采取“合作社+公司+农户”的发展模式,投资483万元,集中流转沙化盐碱地2689亩,依据高标准农田建设技术规程,示范推广“小地改大、膜下滴灌、水肥一体”等技术,全部试验种植机采棉花,取得了良好的示范效果。目前,玉门市机采棉种植面积达到4.6万亩。
 
  二是引进项目业主,助力园区建设。建设科技示范园,引进项目业主是关键,资金投入是保障。为此,玉门市精心策划,广泛推介项目,最终与甘肃久众农业发展有限公司达成意向协议,由企业规划投资5000万元,在花海镇建设生产、收购、加工、销售为一体的生态循环现代棉花农业示范园区。园区由企业投资开发和经营,以长期租赁农户承包地的形式,租赁棉花生产基地2万亩建设棉花高科技示范园。项目业主的成功引进,保障了园区的顺利建设与农民的土地收益。切实解决了"有土地无项目"、"有项目无土地"的问题。为土地流转、成片规模开发创造了条件。2022年,企业以花海镇西泉村为中心,租赁144户农户承包地,流转面积1619.08亩,亩流转租金600元,亩均产棉380-420公斤,每公斤12元,亩收益4800元左右,亩纯收入3100元左右,大大提高了亩均效益,连片土地流转,实现了机械化规模化经营,农户不仅增加了土地租金收入,也为农户提供了大量就业机会。土地流转后主要以土地平整、修建沉砂池、架设滴灌、衬砌渠道和铺筑田间道路为主,配套栽植农田防护林、土壤改良和科技培训等同步推进。同时,紧紧围绕粮棉生产和特色产业建设这一主线,进一步调整区域规划布局,打造优势农业产业带,结合土地流转因地制宜、因项制宜拟订产业振兴发展规划,以土地促流转、以流转促产业、以产业促发展来助力乡村振兴。
 
  三是积极宣传引导,搭建流转平台。土地规模流转是推进机采棉产业发展的着力点,加强引导、把握导向是关键。为此,玉门市着重做好两个方面工作。一是注重宣传引导。例如,花海镇把农村土地流转作为今年全镇三级干部会的一项主要议题,将土地流转涉及的法律政策汇编成册,发至村组农户,通过电视、墙报、标语、短信等多种形式,进行广泛宣传。与此同时,结合全镇推行的密切党群干群关系“六个一”活动,以进农家走访、召开座谈会、开设专题讲座等形式,向广大农户宣讲土地流转政策,讲解实例,对比算账,挖掘增收潜力,分析流转比较效益,调动群众参与的积极性和主动性。二是注重典型引导。组织全市村组干部及种养大户到外地现场参观学习,现场感受,启发思维,转变观念,发挥“一个大户引领一片,一个园区服务一业,一个典型带动一方”的示范效应,搭建流转平台,加快土地流转,推进园区建设。2022年花海镇机采棉产业园就地吸纳1500个劳动力在园区务工。机采棉种植园区成为集新品种、新技术引进示范、新成果转化、高效生态农业集一体的土地流转的连片示范点。
 
  四是加大政策扶持,夯实产业发展。为加快推动玉门市2022 年度棉花大县奖励资金落实工作,促进全市棉花产业健康发展,玉门市结合产业发展实际,制定了《玉门市棉花产业资金奖补实施方案》,通过加快良种繁育体系建设,加快机采棉种植模式推广,加快企业设备更新改造,加快盐碱地改良等措施,大力调整优化品种结构,推广适宜机收、早熟、抗性强的棉花品种,集成示范“降密健株早熟型”栽培模式,着力提升棉花品质,提高陆地长绒棉覆盖率,提高机械化采收水平和质量,稳步扩大种植面积,提高种植效益,切实提升棉花综合生产能力。省农业农村厅2022年下达玉门市棉花大县奖励资金 733 万元(其中:到户资金240 万元,地方统筹资金 493 万元),全部用于棉花产业发展,其中:植棉户直接补贴240万元,植棉区板结盐碱地改良160万元,机采棉种植模式推广普及23 万元,棉花产业科技示范点和良种繁育体系建设30万元,加快社会化服务体系建设280 万元。通过政策扶持引导,切实提高农户种植棉花的积极性,促进棉花产业持续健康发展。
 
  五是加强科技培训,抓好跟踪落实。玉门市高度重视农民科技培训工作,组织市、乡、村三级农业技术骨干,根据棉花生长周期,定期深入机采棉种植基地,着力抓好跟踪服务,充分利用各种形式对全市棉花种植户进行先进实用技术巡回讲课,重点讲授棉花高密度栽培、高效节水、病虫害综合防治、测土配方施肥、新机具推广应用等。2022年,玉门市共举办科技培训活动13期,培训850多人次,发放技术资料1000余份,为棉花丰产丰收提供了技术保障和智力支持。同时,为棉花种植土地流转流出户和流入户提供法律咨询,参与评估流转价格,指导签订流转合同,协调利益关系,推动高效流转,保障棉花种植园区和高标准农田同步建设顺利推进。
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