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2023年全国大蒜生产农业社会化服务研讨会暨农机地头展——全国大蒜生产全程机械化专题活动在山东省金乡县成功举办

2023-05-17 10:55:33 来源:中国农业机械流通协会 阅读量:14128 评论

导读:5月12日,2023年全国大蒜生产农业社会化服务研讨会暨农机地头展——全国大蒜生产全程机械化专题活动在山东省金乡县成功举办。

  【农机网 会展快讯】5月12日,2023年全国大蒜生产农业社会化服务研讨会暨农机地头展——全国大蒜生产全程机械化专题活动在山东省金乡县成功举办。
 
  活动由中国农业机械流通协会、国家特色蔬菜产业技术体系机械化研究室、金乡县人民政府主办,济宁市农业机械现代化发展促进中心、山东农业工程学会、山东农业机械学会协办,中国农业机械流通协会果蔬茶机械分会、中国农业机械流通协会农业社会化服务分会、金乡县农业机械服务中心、金乡县大蒜科技研究中心、山东省玛丽亚农业机械股份有限公司承办,旨在深入贯彻落实《中共中央 国务院关于做好2023年全面推进乡村振兴重点工作的意见》《“十四五”全国农业机械化发展规划》的文件精神,加快提高全国大蒜生产全程机械化水平,推动大蒜生产农业社会化服务模式创新,促进大蒜产业高质量发展。农业农村部农业机械化总站副站长徐振兴、中国农业机械流通协会会长范建华、山东省农业农村厅副厅长马常春、济宁市副市长白平和、金乡县县委书记郑士民、山东省农业农村厅农业机械化管理处处长王乃生、山东省农业机械技术推广站站长管延华、山东农业大学机械与电子工程学院院长侯加林等领导、专家出席开幕式,共计1200余人参加现场活动。
 
  因蒜而名,因农而兴。提及山东金乡县,对于农业、农机有所了解的人们大都对“世界大蒜看中国,中国大蒜看金乡”的说法耳熟能详。金乡大蒜产业的发展,离不开生产机械化与农业社会化服务。郑士民在致辞中表示,金乡县在推动大蒜、辣椒机械化方面,深化农机企业与协会、高校、科研院所合作,加快大蒜农机新机具新技术应用,推广各类机具3000余台套,完成大蒜机械化种收30万亩;着力克服“双辣”产业套种模式制约机械化的卡点问题,大力开展辣椒机械化育苗,推广辣椒大苗移栽试验,加快辣椒联合收获机研发,以全程机械化提升农业现代化水平,助力乡村振兴跑出金乡“加速度”。
 
  白平和在致辞中指出,金乡县是蔬菜大县,盛产大蒜、辣椒,为提高大蒜、辣椒生产全程机械化水平,济宁市委市政府列支2000万元资金,积极扶持科研院所及企业不断加大农机研发和推广,相继研发8大类60余款大蒜农机装备,全市212家大蒜农机专业合作社拥有各类大蒜机械4000余台套,服务面积40万亩。下一步,将在大力研发推广大蒜农机装备的基础上,把辣椒生产机械化作为突破口,着力破解特色蔬菜全程机械化的难题。
 
  马常春在讲话时强调,推进特色蔬菜生产机械化,要定位准、求突破、强供给,针对特色蔬菜农机化短板弱项,加大装备技术研发;要定路线、做示范、强指导,加快制定蔬菜生产机械化技术路线和标准规范,并推动装备与技术应用落地见效;要重特色、出经验、做表率,加大投入,创新机制,引领山东特色蔬菜机械化走在全国前列。
 
  徐振兴在讲话时要求,山东省要发挥蔬菜特色产业优势和技术优势,推动建立“产学研推”协同攻关、深度融合的蔬菜机械化技术创新体系,以大蒜、辣椒机械化为突破口,积极开展特色蔬菜技术研发制造、推广应用一体化试点,总结凝练农艺要求、工艺路线、技术模式、机组配套、操作规程和运行机制,形成标准化、配套化的蔬菜全程机械化生产模式和整体的解决方案,提供可复制、可推广的山东方案。
 
  活动由范建华宣布活动开幕,中国农业机械流通协会副秘书长苑同宝主持。活动现场,演示展示了玛丽亚大蒜播种机大蒜收获机、蒜种分瓣分选机、大蒜分选机、大蒜加工生产成套设备、黑蒜设备等大蒜全程机械设备。其中,大蒜精量旋耕播种机能够实现正芽播种,作业效率达到每小时2-4亩,正芽率超过92%,效率是人工的40-60倍。大蒜收获机能够一次性完成挖掘、剪杆、装袋等联合作业,十分高效便捷。据山东省玛丽亚农业机械股份有限公司董事长辛丽介绍,这些机械操作简单,要求动力机械马力不高,深受蒜农喜爱,目前已在金乡县大面积推广。公司还推出适配智慧农业组件如北斗系统的大蒜机械,实现无人驾驶自动播种。大蒜分瓣机、分选机、加工机等产后设备的展示同样引人注目,活动现场还演示展示了多种辣椒移栽机等农机装备。
 
  在2023年全国大蒜生产农业社会化服务研讨会上,山西农业大学农业经济管理学院院长邵林生研究员作了题为《党建引领抓托管,推动乡村振兴》的报告,深入分析了当前农业社会化服务和土地托管当中“管家“角色严重缺乏的问题,提出解决问题的核心就是党建引领抓托管,不断建立科技服务型平台公司,强化组织能力。辽宁农业社会化服务发展战略联盟理事长、辽宁万盈农业科技有限公司总经理韩卓作了题为《如何做好农业社会化服务案例分享》的报告,详细探讨了如何开展土地托管服务,以及未来的发展前景。山东农业大学园艺科学与工程学院刘世琦教授作了题为《农艺农机精准契合助推大蒜全程机械化》的报告,指出农机正在改变蒜农的传统观念,大蒜生产全程机械化对于整个大蒜产业起到了不可估量的推进作用。山东驰瑞农业服务有限公司总经理李清华作了题为《农机社会化服务经营模式探索》的报告,分享了开展农机社会化服务的初衷、痛点、机会、探索、成果。山东省玛丽亚村村通农业发展有限公司董事长辛丽作了题为《大蒜全程机械的社会化服务探索与实践》的报告,指出金乡县实现了机械村村有、作业服务村村通,从根本上改变了大蒜传统种植方式,推动了蒜农小生产与农业机械化、农业现代化的有机对接。
 
  研讨会特设表彰活动和实践对话环节。玛丽亚村村通大蒜综合农事服务队优秀队长、优秀站点和金牌培训师获得表彰。玛丽亚大蒜机械村村通工程在全县建立600余个合作站点,解决金乡蒜农“谁来种蒜,种好蒜”的问题。合作站点为蒜农提供社会化服务,每亩可节省1400多元,每个合作站点根据服务面积及服务内容可收益10万-50万元。村村通合作社加快了土地流转进程,积极开展农事服务工程,盘活村集体资金,不仅带动了当地年轻人返乡创业,也拓宽了村集体增产增收的新思路。范建华表示,农业社会化服务需求旺盛、基础扎实、成效显著,是全面推进农业农村发展和乡村振兴的有效途径。农业社会化服务分会将砥砺奋进,持续做好行业服务,努力实现更大发展。
 
  山东省农业机械技术推广站同期举办了特色蔬菜高效生产装备研发项目专题方案论证会。全体参会人员还前往国际蒜都中心,详细了解金乡县经济社会和大蒜辣椒产业发展情况。活动通过中国农业机械流通协会视频号、山东广播电视台乡村季风快手号、金乡融媒等平台进行直播,共计近3万人观看。
 
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