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镇江市DB3211/T 1024-2021《油菜机械化生产技术规程》

2023-03-24 11:47:32 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:25882 评论

导读:适用于镇油7号、8号系列油菜品种在镇江市油菜种植区的机械化生产,其他宜机械化作业品种参照执行。

  【农机网 政策与标准】2021年6月29日,镇江市市场监督管理局批准发布DB3211/T 1024-2021《油菜机械化生产技术规程》,该地方标准自2021年7月1日实施。


 

  该标准由江苏丘陵地区镇江农业科学研究所提出,镇江市农业农村局归口,江苏丘陵地区镇江农业科学研究所、江苏丰源种业有限公司起草。规定了油菜机械化生产的术语和定义、播前准备、栽植方式、田间管理、机械收获、烘干与贮藏、记录。适用于镇油7号、8号系列油菜品种在镇江市油菜种植区的机械化生产,其他宜机械化作业品种参照执行。
 
  播前准备——
 
  品种选择:选用镇油7号、8号系列良种,或其他适合当地生态条件、宜机械化作业的油菜品种。
 
  机械整地:栽植前须进行土地平整,用秸秆粉碎还田机进行灭茬还田,留茬高度不超过20cm。
 
  机械开沟:采用机械开沟,开沟机作厢宽度不小于2m。种植田块应开通田头沟,合理设置围沟、腰沟和厢沟,做好“三沟”配套。围沟、腰沟宽20cm、深30cm,厢沟宽15cm~20cm、深18cm~20cm。
 
  【栽植方式】
 
  机械直播——
 
  播种期:适宜播期为10月中下旬。
 
  直播机械选择:可采用2BYF-6型或2BFG-6型油菜联合播种机,一次性完成开沟、旋耕、施肥、播种等作业。也可在灭茬整地基础上采用小麦免耕条播机或油菜精量播种机进行播种。
 
  直播作业要求:亩播种量为 0.2kg~0.3kg,基本苗 2 万~3 万株。播种行距 30cm~40cm,播种深度 1cm~2cm,播种时按匀速行驶。
 
  机械移栽——
 
  毯状育苗:采用标准水稻育秧盘,按每亩大田油菜25张秧盘备足,基质可选用水稻育秧基质。每张秧盘均匀播700粒~800粒种子,播种后需覆盖基质3mm~4mm。覆土后可叠盘暗化催芽2d~4d再摆盘,摆盘场地要求比较平整,保证水分均匀喷洒。秧龄25d~30d、叶龄3叶~4叶即可进行移栽。
 
  移栽期:适宜移栽期不迟于11月上旬。
 
  移栽机械选择:采用油菜毯状苗移栽机。已耕田可采用2ZY-6型油菜毯状苗移栽机,未耕地或秸秆还田条件下的耕整地可采用2ZLY-6型油菜移栽联合作业机。
 
  移栽作业要求:亩栽7000穴~8000穴,每穴1株~2株。作业时采用宽窄行移栽,宽行距60cm,窄行距30cm,株距16cm~ 18cm,移栽后视土壤墒情及时浇灌活棵水。
 
  点击下方下载完整标准文件。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
 
相关资料下载:

DB3211T1024-2021FDIS.pdf

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