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陕西省DB61/T 1392-2020《油菜机械化生产技术规程》

2023-03-24 10:47:14 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:42039 评论

导读:规定了油菜机械化生产的术语与定义、机械要求、播前准备、播种、田间管理、收获等环节的技术要求。适用于陕西省秋季播种、次年春末夏初收获的油菜机械化生产及与其生态条件相似的地区油菜机械化生产。

  【农机网 政策与标准】2020年12月29日,陕西省市场监督管理局批准发布陕西省DB61/T 1392-2020《油菜机械化生产技术规程》,该地方自2021年1月29日起实施。
 
  该标准由陕西省杂交油菜研究中心提出,陕西省农业农村厅归口,陕西省杂交油菜研究中心、陕西省农业技术推广总站、西安市质量与标准化研究院、汉中市农业技术推广中心、安康市农业技术推广中心起草。规定了油菜机械化生产的术语与定义、机械要求、播前准备、播种、田间管理、收获等环节的技术要求。适用于陕西省秋季播种、次年春末夏初收获的油菜机械化生产及与其生态条件相似的地区油菜机械化生产。
 
  操作要求:
 
  机具操作人员应经过专业培训并按照机具使用说明调整、作业和维护。机械直播中档匀速作业;保持直线行走;无重播和漏播,应及时补充种子、肥料。
 
  封闭除草:应播后24 h内封闭除草。农药及除草方法参见附录A。土壤干旱时适当加大用水量。
 
  田间管理——
 
  水肥管理:根据土壤墒情做到旱能灌、涝能排。油菜8叶~10叶期追施尿素98 kg/hm2~120 kg/hm2。花期结合防治菌核病利用植保无人机喷施0.2 %的磷酸二氢钾、0.2 %的硼砂和2.0 %的尿素混合溶液75 kg/hm2。防治方法参照附录A,农药使用应符合GB/T8321.10—2018的规定。
 
  病虫草害防治:利用植保无人机喷洒药剂,作业飞行高度距植物冠层2.0 m,作业飞行速度4.0 m/s~5.0 m/s,防治方法参照附录A,农药使用应符合GB/T 8321.2—2000、GB/T 8321.5—2006、GB/T 8321.6—2000、GB/T 8321.8—2007、GB/T 8321.9—2009、GB/T 8321.10—2018的规定。
 
  收获——
 
  分段收获:
 
  调试割晒机和捡拾脱粒机确保作业质量要求:
 
  a)总损失率≤6.5 %;
 
  b)含杂率≤5 %;
 
  c)破碎率≤0.5 %。
 
  全田 80 %以上主花序中部角果籽粒颜色达到品种固有色泽时,用割晒机进行割晒
 
  晾晒 3d~5d,用捡拾脱粒机捡拾、脱粒及清选。
 
  联合收获:
 
  调试联合收获机确保作业质量要求:
 
  a)总损失率≤8 %;
 
  b)含杂率≤5 %;
 
  c)破碎率≤0.5 %。
 
  全田油菜全株 95 %以上角果籽粒颜色达到品种固有色泽时,用油菜联合收获机一次性完成收获。
 
  晾晒储藏:晾晒至含水率≤9 %,贮藏应符合NY/T 1087有关要求。
 
  点击下方下载完整标准文件。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
 
相关资料下载:

DB61T1392-2020FDIS.pdf

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