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河南省DB41/T 2276-2022《马铃薯机械化栽培技术规程》解读

2023-01-12 10:38:09 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:23677 评论

导读:这一地方标准规定了马铃薯机械化栽培的播前准备、耕整地、品种选择及处理、播种、田间管理和收获。适用于马铃薯机械化生产。

  【农机网 政策与标准】河南省DB41/T 2276-2022《马铃薯机械化栽培技术规程》于2022年6月29日由河南省市场监督管理局批准发布,这一地方标准自2022年9月28日开始实施。
 
  该标准由河南省农业农村厅提出并归口,由商丘市金土地马铃薯研究所、郑州市蔬菜研究所、河南省农业技术推广总站、商丘市睢阳区农业技术推广中心、河南德道农业科技有限公司起草。规定了马铃薯机械化栽培的播前准备、耕整地、品种选择及处理、播种、田间管理和收获。适用于马铃薯机械化生产。
 
  机械配套:采用机械化一次性作业单垄地膜覆盖种植方式的选配22 kw以上的拖拉机;机械化一次作业多垄种植采用相匹配的动力,拖拉机使用应符合GB 16151.1的规定。其他生产用机具见附录A.
 
  选地:选择地势平坦、土层深厚、质地疏松、排灌条件良好的砂壤土或壤土。土壤环境质量应符合GB 15618的规定。
 
  整地:
 
  铧式犁翻耕晒垡,深翻25 cm~35 cm;
 
  旋耕机旋地,使土壤颗粒大小合适,做到地平、土细、上虚下实。
 
  基肥施用:
 
  双横绞龙撒肥机撒施有机肥,一般每亩施腐熟农家肥2500 kg~3000 kg。
 
  圆盘式撒施机撒施(N-P2O5-K2O: 15-10-20或15-12-18)复合肥料,采用水肥一体化栽培时,基肥复合肥料使用量30 kg~40 kg,采用肥料一次性施入法时,基肥复合肥料使用量75 kg~100 kg。根据需要每亩可施硫酸锌1.2 kg,硼酸1 kg。施肥使用应符合NY/T 496的规定。
 
  土壤药剂处理:宜使用噻虫嗪,使用方法详见附录B,农药使用应符合GB/T 8321.9的规定。
 
  品种选择及处理——
 
  品种选择:选择适宜河南省种植的国家登记或本省农作物品种审定委员会审定的早熟马铃薯品种、种薯质量应符合GB 18133的规定。
 
  切块:选用纵横组协式种薯切块机,50g以上的种薯宜进行切块,切块过程应对切块机进行消毒,干燥种前2d-3d进行种薯切块,根据品种和机械调整薯块大小,薯块大小35g-45g,每块有1-2个芽眼。
 
  拌种:使用种薯拌种机拌种。干拌,拌种药刘采用生物菌剂拌种。
 
  混拌后阴凉处自然晾干,宜用含噻虫唪类复配剂拌种,防治黑痣病、疮痂病、地下害虫蛴螬等。具体方法见附录B。
 
  病虫害防治:采用喷杆式喷雾机或农用旋翼植保无人机进行喷药,应符合NY/T 1876、DB41/T 1520的要求。农药合理使用应符合GB/T 8321.9的要求;主要病虫害防治应符合NY/T 2383的要求,主要病虫害防治及应药刘使用方法见附录B.
 
点击下方下载完整标准文件。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
 
相关资料下载:

DB41T2276-2022FDIS.pdf

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