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辽宁省《DB21/T 3590-2022玉米秸秆混埋还田机械化作业技术规程》

2022-11-23 13:15:15 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:23330 评论

导读:该标准规定了玉米秸秆混埋还田机械化作业(以下简称作业)的作业条件及要求、作业准备、作业、作业质量及检测方法和安全要求。适用于地势平坦的玉米种植区域的秸秆混埋还田机械化作业。

  【农机网 政策与标准】2022年5月30日 ,辽宁省市场监督管理局批准发布《DB21/T 3590-2022玉米秸秆混埋还田机械化作业技术规程》,该地方标准自2022年6月30日起实施。
 
  该标准由辽宁省农业农村厅提出并归口,由辽宁省农业机械化研究所、辽宁省农产品加工流通促进中心起草。该标准规定了玉米秸秆混埋还田机械化作业(以下简称作业)的作业条件及要求、作业准备、作业、作业质量及检测方法和安全要求。适用于地势平坦的玉米种植区域的秸秆混埋还田机械化作业。
 
  作业条件及要求——
 
  作业地块要求:玉米收获后,秸秆还田作业质量应符合NY/T 500 的规定要求。
 
  作业时机:宜玉米秋季收获后进行。
 
  安全要求:
 
  作业机械安全技术指标应满足 GB 10395.1 与 GB 10395.5 要求。
 
  操作人员应了解作业机具结构特点与安全规定,拖拉机驾驶人应具备上岗资格。
 
  作业准备:
 
  作业前应认真阅读《产品使用说明书》,根据需求对作业机具进行调整并按要求检查各工作部件。
 
  确保拖拉机状态良好,满足作业机具配套要求。
 
  作业机具与拖拉机联结后,应先空运转,空运转时间应符合《产品使用说明书》规定,空运转时应无异常。
 
  作业:将机具降至地表位置,平稳接合动力,使触土部件逐步入土至工作位置,待机具运转正常后方可。
 
  行走作业。
 
  机具进入作业状态后,拖拉机后输出应保持标定转速。
 
  机组地头转弯或相邻地块之间转移作业时,应切断拖拉机动力输出,将机具提升到适当位置。
 
  作业质量:玉米秸秆混埋还田机械化作业质量应符合表1的规定。
 
  表1作业质量指标
 

       作业质量检测——
 
  作业深度:按照GB/T 5668-2017中8.1.3.1的规定执行。
 
  作业深度稳定性:按照GB/T 5668-2017中8.1.3.2的规定执行。
 
  作业后地面平整度:按照GB/T 5668-2017中8.1.3.5的规定执行。
 
  安全防护:
 
  每次作业前,应检查各工作部件有无裂纹和变形,如需更换,应按要求进行操作。
 
  作业时应严格按照《产品使用说明书》要求操作,注意安全标识警示内容。
 
  运输和作业时,机具上禁止堆放重物或站人。
 
  检查机具和排除故障时应停车熄火,并应将动力输出轴动力切断。
 
  非作业期间,应将机具落地,不得悬空停放。
 
  维护保养:
 
  及时清除机具各部位的草和泥土等杂物。
 
  检查各总成、刀具,及时维护,防止生锈。
 
  及时更换变速箱内齿轮油。
 
  检查机具漆面,有落漆处及时涂漆防锈。
 
  检查安全标识,脱落及时补齐。
 
  维护保养完毕后,存入干燥通风的机库。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
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