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《河南省农机装备补短板行动方案》——做优主机、做强零部件

2022-11-23 10:20:57 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:10577 评论

导读:该方案提出,到2025年,建成全国重要的农机装备制造基地,力争营业收入突破1000亿元。特别提出做优主机和做强零部件,规划发展9类农机装备和5种零部件。

  【农机网 地方农机】为贯彻落实国家农机装备补短板工作推进会议精神,着力突破技术瓶颈,加快补齐短板弱项,推动河南省农机装备产业高质量发展,近日,河南省人民政府办公厅印发了《河南省农机装备补短板行动方案(2022—2025年)》(豫政办〔2022〕98号)。
 
  该方案提出,到2025年,建成全国重要的农机装备制造基地,力争营业收入突破1000亿元。特别提出做优主机和做强零部件,规划发展9类农机装备和5种零部件。
 
  9类农机装备——
 
  新型高效拖拉机重点突破低油耗、低排放、低噪声发动机和新能源农用动力、动力换挡与全自动换挡、自动导航作业等关键技术,研制重型动力换挡、无级变速拖拉机和大型动力换挡、动力换向拖拉机,发展大中型、新能源、无级变速智能型拖拉机以及菜园、果园、设施园艺、水田、丘陵山地等专用拖拉机。
 
  精量栽播机械重点突破高速精量排种、高效育秧播种、精准插秧、膜上栽植、智能化监控等关键技术,开发适应小麦、玉米、花生、水稻、大豆、油菜及块茎作物精量播种等不同栽培种植模式和农艺要求的种植装备。
 
  植保机械重点突破主要粮食作物及棉花、蔬菜、水果、茶叶等经济作物病虫草害快速识别、变量喷雾控制、高地隙自走底盘等关键技术,开发对靶性强、可减少雾滴飘失的施药装备及农用航空植保无人机、大田宽幅施药装备、水田植保机械、果园和蔬菜植保设备。
 
  节水灌溉装备重点突破大型排灌用泵及装置的抗气蚀、磨蚀技术,研发高抗堵、低流量、精准控制喷滴灌技术装备。开发适用于丘陵山区的多功能中小型灌溉机组、顶部喷灌与底部微灌装置。加快智能化控制技术应用,探索建立区域节水农业技术模式和体系,创新发展低能耗、精确喷灌技术模式。
 
  高效能收获机械重点突破粮油糖作物收获装备大型化、智能化、高效低损等关键技术,研制多功能大喂入量谷物联合收割机、花生联合收获机、玉米籽粒联合收获机、马铃薯联合收获机、低损油菜联合收获机、高效甘蔗联合收获机等装备。
 
  农产品初加工机械重点突破粮食、果蔬等大宗农产品高品质节能干燥、高通量清选、检测分级及包装、质量追溯等关键技术,开发食用菌、中药材、茶叶、烟叶等特色农产品清选、分级、干燥、包装等智能成套装备和禽类自动分割、蛋品清洗、水产品自动剥制成套装备及自动化生产线,完善转运仓储、保鲜物流、配送系统。
 
  畜牧业机械重点研发秸秆(牧草)收割打捆、储运、节能干燥及加工、青贮等技术和装备,突破集育种、饲养、繁殖、环控、防疫、粪污自动化处理和资源化利用于一体的规模化养殖综合技术,研制一批畜禽自动化生产技术装备。
 
  设施农业装备重点突破设施农业发展瓶颈,发展智能化塑料大棚、日光温室、连栋温室等设施,研发一批嫁接、巡检、采摘等农业机器人,加快育苗工厂化设施建设,推动发展适用于工厂化集约养殖、立体生态养殖等新型养殖模式的设施装备。
 
  丘陵山区机械重点突破轻便高效动力、山地节力物运、小型履带多功能底盘爬坡与稳定性等技术,研发适合丘陵山区主要粮食、经济作物等生产的轻便化、小型化农机装备。
 
  5种零部件——
 
  农用柴油机重点研发新型节能环保农用发动机和动力换挡拖拉机用柴油机。非道路移动机械用柴油机达到国Ⅳ排放标准,电控系统、后处理系统实现自主配套。
 
  转向桥及其悬浮系统重点研发转向驱动桥,满足大马力拖拉机、大喂入量联合收割机需求。突破转角传感技术,促进转向驱动桥与整机实现自动控制。开发悬浮系统,推动悬浮液压结构、集成电控单元与整机协调匹配,统筹兼顾田间作业刚性要求和高速行驶平稳性要求。
 
  农机专用传感器重点研发施肥播种机械作业深度、行走速度、作业质量等测控传感器,植保机械前进速度、喷量、压力、喷洒面积等测控传感器,收获机械喂入量、清选与夹带损失、割台高度、滚筒转速、产量流量和谷物水分等测控传感器,以及设施栽培环境监控用二氧化碳浓度传感器、空气湿度与温度传感器,满足农机智能化发展需要。
 
  农业机械导航及智能化控制作业装置研发位姿传感器、导航控制器、显控终端等,满足农机自动驾驶、无人驾驶需求。研发集身份识别、导航定位、工况监测、产量监测于一体的收割机监测终端,实现农机远程精细监测与在线运维。研发农机耕地、播种作业检测与监视装置,实现耕深实时监测、播种深度自动调节。研发农用无人机用导航装置,实现远程监测与障碍物规避。
 
  无级变速器研发机械和液压混合双动力、机械换挡、静液压闭式回路调速等技术,提升机械换挡、电控液压换挡换向、静液压传动等装置可靠性,实现发动机与无级变速器协调匹配,满足大型拖拉机使用需求。
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:河南省人民政府办公厅农业机械化管理司。
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