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内蒙古《DB15/T 2500—2022干玉米秸秆饲料机械化收获技术规程》

2022-11-16 16:03:24 来源:农机网整理发布 阅读量:25317 评论

导读:该标准规定了干玉米秸秆饲料机械化收获的作业基本要求、作业技术规程、安全作业注意事项以及保养与存放。

  【农机网 政策与标准】《DB65/T 4381-2021农作物秸秆发酵制肥机械化技术规范》于2022年1月25日由内蒙古自治区市场监督管理局批准发布,该地方标准自2022年2月25日开始实施。该地方标准是由内蒙古自治区农牧业机械标准化技术委员会(SAM/TC 06)提出并归口,由内蒙古农业大学、内蒙古宏昌机械制造有限公司、内蒙古自治区农牧业技术推广中心起草。

  该标准规定了干玉米秸秆饲料机械化收获的作业基本要求、作业技术规程、安全作业注意事项以及保养与存放。适用于一次完成干玉米秸杆切割、捡拾、切段及抛送装车的干玉米秸秆饲料机械化收获作业。
 
  作业技术规程——
 
  收获前试运行及调整:
 
  收获机进入田间后,接合动力挡,使收获机缓慢运转,确认无故障后,将割台降到合适位置, 逐渐加大油门,在机器达到额定转速后,开始试收获。
 
  试收获时,收获机操作人员应根据实际作业情况,调节收获机切割高度、抛料筒角度及作业速度,仔细观察收获机各作业部分的工作情况。
 
  收获机进入田间试收获作业应不少于 20 m,试收获后停车检查作业质量和收获机运转情况,必要时进行调整,直至作业质量达到规定要求,方可正常收获。
 
  正常收获时的操作:
 
  选择最佳工作挡位,按作业计划和规划路线进行作业。
 
  在收获作业时机器应保持直线行走。
 
  收获机作业中掉头、转弯、倒车时,应将割台提升至运输状态。
 
  转弯收获时,应低速行驶,但不应缩减油门,转弯半径应大些,防止漏切。
 
  作业时收获机操作人员应随时观察收获机的各种仪表和作业质量,注意水温、油温和油压是否正常,倾听有无异常声音,发现作业质量问题或收获机故障时,应先熄火,切断发动机动力,使各部件停止运转后,及时对收获机进行调整和故障排除。
 
  作业时应随时观察收获机与接料车的距离,调整抛料筒的方向,保证有效收获。
 
  作业过程中应及时熄火清除发动机机体、散热通风口处的杂物。
 
  作业中应保持割茬高度一致,不应重切、漏切、拖堆。
 
  作业时相邻往返行程邻接行应准确。
 
  悬挂机组作业时,液压手柄应置于浮动位置。
 
  收获机与接料车之间应有联络信号并保持联络通畅,接料车驾驶员应听从收获机操作人员的指挥。
 
  接料车驾驶员应随时观察接料车情况,以免装满后草料散落。
 
  在 4.1、4.2 规定的作业条件下,收获作业质量应符合表 1 的规定。
 
  表1 作业质量指标 

       停收或转移时的操作:
 
  停机前,应进行空运转,待物料全部排出后方可停机。
 
  停机后,应及时清除机体内外的杂物。
 
  收获机转移行驶前,应将各部件调整至运输位置并锁定,检查收获机和行走轮的情况,收获机上超宽、超高部分要折叠或拆解后运送。
 
  收获机转移行驶时,不应牵引其他机械;遇有安全性不确定的道路,应停车检查,确认安全后通过;出现故障牵引时,应采用刚性牵引杆连接,并开启警示灯。
 
  收获机装车运输转移时,应有足够长度、宽度和强度的装卸台,应采用绳索等将收获机稳固在运输车上。
 
  点击下载资料,获取完整标准文件。
  
 
  注:本文由农机网(www.nongjx.com)整理发布,资料来源:地方标准信息公共服务平台。
 
相关资料下载:

DB15T+2500-2022FDIS.pdf

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