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新型农机助力定西“三秋”农机化生产

2022-09-23 09:18:17 来源:甘肃省定西市农业机械化服务中心 阅读量:10114 评论

导读:近日,定西市农机服务中心、临洮县农机服务中心围绕马铃薯的“耕、种、收”等生产环节开展了农机推广田间日暨“岗位大练兵、业务大比武”活动。

  【农机网 地方农机】白露到秋分,农事忙纷纷,秋收、秋耕、秋种事关全年粮食生产大局和明年粮食的生产基础。目前,定西市秋粮作物长势良好,各类农作物陆续成熟,进入收获期,全市将组织15.2万台(套)以上农业机械投入生产,实现玉米机收率达22.1%以上、马铃薯机收率达64.1%以上,冬小麦机播率稳定在72.1%以上,全年农作物耕种收综合机械化率将突破60%,确保秋粮颗粒归仓、确保冬小麦种足种好。
 
  定西市农机部门坚决把粮食生产作为首要政治任务和头等大事,全力做好“三秋”准备工作。各级农机部门通过举办农机田间推广日、岗位“大比武、大练兵”等活动,搭建农机化产、学、研、推交流平台,提升农业机械化技术培训效果,大力推广新机具、新技术,实现农机装备水平全面提升,农业机械化水平全面提高,全力保障全市粮食生产安全、重要农产品稳产保供和乡村特色产业发展。
 
  近日,定西市农机服务中心、临洮县农机服务中心围绕马铃薯的“耕、种、收”等生产环节开展了农机推广田间日暨“岗位大练兵、业务大比武”活动。
 
  尽管连日阴雨使土地有些泥泞,活动现场,彩旗、条幅迎风招展,一台台崭新的现代化农业机械蓄势待发,一个个农机操作手信心满满,凝神静气,检查设备、熟悉机械,裁判员一声令下,伴随着机械的轰鸣声,在深松整地、马铃薯机播、自动化收获的赛场,选手们开始大显身手,精准、干练的操作,转眼功夫,身后已是平地一片;播种现场,一条白色的长垄在地里延伸;收获现场,一个个成熟的土豆破土而出,去土除藤、传输、收集一气呵成;高效、省时、省力的机械化农机在田间的广泛应用,让广大农民受益匪浅。
 
  现场比武练兵持续了三个多小时,参赛的30名选手经过三个项目的紧张比拼和裁判员公平公正的评判,一个个优秀农机手脱颖而出,来自超大智慧农场的刘国芳、漫洼乡的张宏强等人分别获得“洋芋机收王”、“精英农机手”“保产增收王”“杰出农机手”“洋芋机播王”和“卓越农机手”称号。
 
9月上旬,正值马铃薯成熟收获的季节,马铃薯机收是关键。
 
  走进安定区鲁家沟镇千亩马铃薯水肥一体化示范区,大型马铃薯收获机和装货拖拉机穿梭在田间,采收工人们采拾、分级、装袋、搬运、装车……一派繁忙的丰收景象。
 
  “咱们示范区种植的马铃薯品相和薯形都非常好,口感软糯香甜,不少外地商人专门前来收购。”定西聚鑫牧草农民专业合作社负责人李旭东捧着手掌大的马铃薯难掩喜悦,“像今年这么干旱,每亩产量依旧达到了6000斤,我们1100亩地收入可达到550万元,又是一个丰收年啊。”
 
  “以前采收马铃薯全靠人工,一天一亩地都采收不了。”每逢马铃薯收获季就来示范区务工的张琴翠感叹道,“现在换成了机器采收、人工精选,速度快了、人也轻松了,采摘量高我们工钱也高了不少。”
 
  近年来,按照智慧农业发展模式,建立了一批水肥一体化示范区,实现了马铃薯种植自动化、集约化、高效化管理,培育壮大了马铃薯产业,有效促进农民增收,也为巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果同乡村振兴有效衔接奠定了坚实基础。
 
眼下,青贮玉米逐渐进入蜡熟期,正是开展全株玉米青贮、备足青贮原料的关键阶段。
 
  通渭县平襄镇中林村600亩青贮玉米喜获丰收,收割工作已全面启动,田野间一派繁忙景象,空气中时不时飘来一阵阵青草香。
 
  连日来,在通渭县平襄镇中林村中庄社的饲草玉米地里,大型收割机正在来回穿梭作业,一株株玉米秸秆齐刷刷倒下,打碎后直接传输给与它齐头并进的运输车辆,再运往养殖场进行青贮加工。
 
  为全力做好青贮玉米收割工作,定西各级农机部门抢前抓早,提前安排部署,大力推广青贮玉米收割机械化技术,组织技术人员深入田间地头实地查看,掌握青贮玉米成熟度,帮助种植户、合作社排查农机具故障,并对青贮玉米收割质量、安全拉运等环节进行跟踪指导。
 
  9月8日,市县两级农机部门在通渭县陇阳镇陆义村组织召开全市“三秋”农机化生产暨通渭县玉米机收、秸秆综合利用现场演示培训会,采用线下、线上直播同步进行的方式,现场演示观摩了自走式穗茎秆兼收玉米收获机、青饲料收获机、残膜捡拾机、联合整地机、秸秆打包机等20台套。通过现场培训,进一步提高了群众对玉米机收及秸秆综合利用新技术的认识。
 
  “减损就是增产”,今年定西各级农机部门把机收减损作为粮食生产机械化工作的重中之重常抓不懈。
 
  在“三秋”农机化工作中,组织成立专业技术小分队17支,深入田间地头,从技术指导、宣传培训、损失检测、应急保障、抗灾救灾等多方面着手,努力将粮食收获损失降到最低。组建常态化农机应急作业服务队25支,全面夯实农机应急作业服务基础。按照“建在平时、用在战时”“平战结合”的体制机制,不断提升农机手应急作业技能水平和农机装备水平,推进常态化农机应急作业服务队建设,进一步提升粮食生产保障能力。
 
  为确保“三秋”农机安全生产,预防各类农机安全生产事故的发生,结合当前农机化工作实际,近期,全市各级农机服务中心多措并举,把抓好“三秋”农机安全生产工作,作为当前最重要、最紧迫的任务,做到早谋划、早准备、早行动,全力落实好安全生产责任制。
 
  据了解,截至目前,全市各级农机部门组织农机技术人员及时培训机手、修理工1.1万人次,为农机专业合作社、农机大户、种植大户发放《农机安全知识》《农业机械安全监督管理条例》等宣传资料3.6万份,检修各类农业机械5.2万台(套),有效防止农机“带病”作业,保证农机具以良好的运行状态投入“三秋”生产。
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